What Does My Diet Have To Do With My Blood Sugar?
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What you eat is important. Eating a variety
of foods in moderation will give your body all the nutrients
it needs. Food is made of three main parts: protein, carbohydrate,
When food is digested, the protein is broken down into amino
acids; the fat is broken down into fatty acids; and the carbohydrate
is broken down into glucose. Most of the glucose (sugar) in
your blood comes from the carbohydrate in foods.
Foods high in carbohydrate usually make the blood glucose
rise faster, and higher than foods higher in protein or fat.
Eating some protein when carbohydrate-rich foods are eaten
will help in keeping the blood glucose peak in your blood
lower. For instance, this means eating cheese (protein-rich
food) on the cracker (carbohydrate-rich food) instead of the
cracker alone will make the blood glucose peak in your blood
Foods have some of each nutrient - protein, carbohydrate,
and fat - in them. However, many foods are mostly made up
of one nutrient. Foods that are rich in carbohydrates are
those from the Bread and Starchy Foods group, the Fruit group,
the Milk and Dairy group, and the Vegetable group. However
the Vegetable group is very low in both carbohydrates and
What happens when you eat a piece of pie? Pie is mostly carbohydrate,
so your blood glucose rises pretty quickly and fairly high.
Eating a piece of pie by itself, without a protein food, will
make your blood glucose very high. Eating a piece of pie,
or other dessert, with your meal will give you some protein
foods to help keep the blood glucose peak lower. The calories
still count! Any dessert should be included in your overall
How much you eat is important. Achieving
or maintaining a healthy weight will help control you blood
glucose. Too many calories, whether from carbohydrate, protein
or fat, will raise blood glucose.
Follow your meal plan. If you are not sure
what you meal plan is, talk to your doctor, dietitian, or
nutritionist. Usually a meal plan includes three meals each
day, and may include some snacks as well.
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