University of Illinois Extension
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What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the glucose in the blood is higher than normal. High blood glucose is called... more>

How does food turn into glucose?
To understand and manage diabetes well, you must know what happens to food when you... more>

Is glucose bad for people with diabetes?
No, glucose is not bad for people with diabetes. Everyone, including people with diabetes, need... more>

Why do some people have high blood glucose levels?
Glucose primarily comes from the food we eat. Mainly foods containing carbohydrate are broken down into... more>

Are there different types of diabetes?
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes... more>

How is diabetes diagnosed?
There are two types of tests that can be used to diagnose diabetes or pre-diabetes... more>

What is pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes occurs when blood glucose levels are higher than normal but lower than levels used to... more>

Can people with diabetes prevent the complications of this disease?
Diabetes is a very serious disease that can affect the heart, circulation, eyes, feet, kidneys, nervous system... more>

Treatment goals
There are certain goals set by the American Diabetes Association concerning the treatment of diabetes. They are... more>

Managing your diabetes
So how does someone with diabetes make sure they get the right amount of glucose, carbohydrate... more>

Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Everyone has different needs, and should have individual treatment plans. The approach to a healthy diet... more>

Meal planning
The purpose of meal planning is to help you reach your personal blood glucose or weight goals... more>