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University of Illinois Extension

Eating for Target Blood Glucose Levels

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What Impacts Blood Glucose Levels?

Foods that contain carbohydrates will affect blood glucose levels the most. The foods that contain the most carbohydrate include those from the Fruit Group, the Starch and Starchy Vegetable Group, and the Milk and Yogurt Group. Foods with only carbohydrate... more »

Do People with Diabetes Need to Eat Snacks?

It was once thought that people with diabetes needed to eat snacks to keep their blood glucose even throughout the day. It is now known that snacks are not needed to regulate blood glucose levels and actually may cause weight gain or increased blood glucos... more »

Can Fiber Lower your Blood Glucose Level?

Fiber is a substance found in plant-based food like fruits, vegetables, peas, beans, and whole-grain breads and cereals. Fiber is not digested or absorbed to the same extent that sugars or starches are. Studies have shown that eating 20 or more grams of fi... more »

Should People with Diabetes Avoid Eating Sugars and Sweets?

Although it was once thought that people with diabetes needed to avoid all sugars and sweets, we now know that sugar and sweets do not raise blood glucose more than other foods that are mostly carbohydrate. In fact, if people with diabetes had to avoid all... more »

Working Sweets into your Meal Plan

Working sweets into your meal plan may at first seem difficult because of the large amount of carbohydrates that sweet foods contain. For instance, if your doctor advises you to eat about 90 grams of carbohydrate at each meal, you would not want to replace... more »

What are Artificial or Non-nutritive Sweeteners?

Artificial or non-nutritive sweeteners are sweeteners that do not provide any carbohydrate or calories per serving. There are six main non-nutritive sweeteners: Acesulfame potassium – Sold as Sweet One®, Sunett, or Swiss Sweet®, it has less of an... more »

Are Artificial Sweeteners Safe?

Many people would like to use artificial sweeteners, but avoid them because they fear that they may be unsafe. Saccharin, aspartame, acesulfame potassium, and sucralose underwent years of testing before manufacturers were permitted to add them to foods... more »

Can you Cook and Bake with Artificial Sweeteners?

Yes, it is possible to cook and bake with artificial sweeteners, but different sweeteners have different qualities. Therefore, it is important to know how to use them appropriately. Familiar home recipes for desserts may contain large amounts of sugar ... more »

What are Sugar Alcohols?

Sugar alcohols are used to add sweetness to food without adding sugar. They have fewer calories than sugar, but more calories than “non-nutritive sweeteners” such as Splenda®, Equal®, Sweet n’Low®, or Sweet One®. The name sugar alcohols is a little ... more »

What is the Glycemic Load and Glycemic Index?

Glycemic Index (GI) The glycemic index is a system of ranking foods on a scale of 0 to 100 according to how high blood glucose peaks within two hours of consuming the specific food.  Foods assigned a high GI result in higher peaks in blood glucose compa... more »

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This site was last updated June, 2014.
This is a source of information only, and is not medical advice.