What are Oral Glucose Lowering Medications?
A person with type 2 diabetes will often require one or more medications to keep blood glucose levels under control. These medications are in tablet form and are taken by mouth on a daily basis. There are eight different classes of these medications, and they each work a little bit differently.
- Sulfonylureas: Increase the amount of insulin made by the pancreas
- Meglitinide: Increase the amount of insulin the pancreas releases
- Biguanide: Decrease the amount of glucose made by the liver
- Thiazolidinedione: Increases the sensitivity of the body to insulin
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor: Slows down the rate of glucose absorption by the small intestine
- Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors: Makes the naturally occurring incretins work longer and better. See the section on Incretins and Amylin
- Sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2): Causes excess glucose to be excreted in the kidneys
- Bile acid sequestrant: Can lower both cholesterol snd glucose in the blood
Your doctor may also prescribe a combination medication, which contains two of these medications in one pill.
Back to: Diabetes Medications
This document is a source of information only, and is not medical advice.