The Fruit Group
Foods in this group include fresh, frozen, canned and dried fruit as well
as fruit juices. All fruits are grouped together because all of their
calories come from carbohydrates. Fruits contain very little protein and
Although foods with carbohydrates raise blood
glucose, people with diabetes do not need to avoid fruits or fruit juice. In
fact, it is important that everyone eat at least 2 servings of fruit every
day. However, as with other foods, fruits need to be part of the meal
One Serving from the Fruit Group
serving from the Fruit Group contains about 60 calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate.
of one serving from this group would include:
- One small piece of fresh fruit (like an apple or orange that is the size
of a tennis ball)
- 1/2 cup of canned or fresh fruit (like fresh pears or peaches canned
- 1/2 cup of unsweetened fruit juice (like unsweetened orange juice)
- 1/3 cup of some fruit juice that is naturally higher in carbohydrates (like
prune juice or cranberry juice)
- 1/4 cup dried fruit (like raisins)
Tips for Choosing Foods from the Fruit Group
- Choose fresh fruits more often than canned fruits or fruit juices. Unlike
whole fruits, canned fruits and fruit juices are often higher in sugar and
calories, and fruit juices usually do not have any fiber.
- When choosing canned fruit, choose fruit canned in its own juice, not a
syrup-packed variety. If choosing a generic product that is not labeled
as “packed in its own juice” look at the Nutrition Facts label. Talk
to your dietitian or health care provider if you have any questions about
choosing appropriate canned fruit.
- Dried fruit, when compared to the same amount of fresh or frozen fruit,
will always be the higher in calories.
- Read the Nutrition Facts label if you are unsure of how many fruit servings
a certain amount of food contains. For fresh fruit that does not have
a Nutrition Facts label, follow the above guidelines under the section titled “one
serving from the fruit group.”
Back to: Food Groups and Diabetes
This document is a source of information only, and is not medical advice.