University of Illinois Extension
 

Can you cook and bake with artificial sweeteners?

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Yes, it is possible to cook and bake with artificial sweeteners, but different sweeteners have different qualities. Therefore, it is important to know how to use them appropriately. Familiar home recipes for desserts may contain large amounts of sugar and it may be tempting to replace this sugar entirely with artificial sweeteners. Sugar, however, does more than just make a recipe sweet. Sugar helps a product be tender and moist. It also helps make the familiar golden brown color of baked desserts and breads. Sometimes sugar is a main ingredient, as in cakes and cookies.

When it is, replacing sugar entirely with artificial sweeteners may produce a product that is tough, flat, and dry, as well as gray in color. Remember that most artificial sweeteners only make a recipe sweet. Recipes that usually do well with sugar substitutes include beverages, frozen desserts, pie fillings, sauces, gelatins, and puddings. Cakes, cookies, and meringues depend on large amounts of sugar for more of their finished properties. You should not replace more than two cups of sugar with an artificial sweetener in these types of products. The product Splenda (sucralose), however, can be used for baking. The chart below can give you some further guidelines regarding cooking and baking with artificial sweeteners.

Replace
Sugar

Saccharin types1

Aspartame types2

Acesulfame

Potassium Packets

Sucralose

Gran.

Truvia
Purevia

Packets

Packets Gran. Brown Liquid Packets Gran. Equal for Recipes

1-2 tsp

1

1 tsp

1 tsp

1 drop

1

1-2 tsp

¼ tsp

1

1-2 tsp

½ - 1

¼cup

6

¼ cup

¼ cup

1½ tsp

6

¼ cup

1 ¾ tsp

3

¼ cup

6

⅓ cup

8

⅓ cup

⅓ cup

2 tsp

8

⅓ cup

2½ tsp

4

⅓ cup

8

½ cup

12

½ cup

½ cup

1 Tbsp

12

½ cup

3½ tsp

6

½ cup

12

1 cup

24

1 cup

1 cup

2 Tbsp

24

1 cup

7¼ tsp

12

1 cup

24

Heat stable

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes
Aftertaste Yes Yes

Yes

Yes

No No No Some No Yes

1 Manufacturer does not recommend replacing more than ½ cup sugar with saccharin sweetener in baked recipes.

2 Contains phenylalanine. People with phenylketonuria must avoid this sweetener.

Check measurements on product packages for most accurate information. Remember that those products are not calorie-free at the amounts used in baking.

Back to: Eating for Target Blood Glucose Levels

This document is a source of information only, and is not medical advice.