|Things to Learn
||Things to Do
| How poultry are hatched commercially
- Visit a hatchery and see how birds are hatched commercially.
If a hatchery is not available, read a pamphlet or book about one.
Borrow slides from the Extension Office that show a commercial poultry
- Draw a chart comparing a commercial hatchery to how a hen cares
- Draw a map of Illinois showing where poultry is produced. Make
a list of state and national hatcheries.
| Study embryonic development
- Break out fertile and infertile eggs and describe their differences.
- Incubate fertile eggs and candle them each day. Break out one
egg each day and preserve the embryo in a jar of alcohol.
- Keep a record of your observations and compare them to embryo
- Give a demonstration on preparing embryo sets.
| Know incubation requirements
- Write a list of requirements to consider when incubating eggs.
- Draw a chart with incubation requirements for several species
- Give an incubation demonstration.
| Know brooding requirements
- Write a list of requirements to consider when brooding chicks.
- Make a brooder box.
| Feathering in growing birds
- Observe feathering in growing chicks.
- Discuss what down looks like and how new feathers come in.
- Collect several types of feathers.
- List several functions of feathers in birds.
- Use feathers or "down" to make something useful.
| Give a demonstration
- Demonstrate how to prepare an incubator for eggs, build an incubator
or candler, candle fertile and infertile eggs or prepare eggs in
| Record observations
- Keep a journal, portfolio, or notebook on the life of an embryo
- Write a short story describing development in embryos and young
- Prepare charts and graphs to show changes during incubation and
to record the information requested in the 4-H Record pages.
| Keep records
- Use 4-H record to keep records of numbers of eggs set, broken-out
- Keep a record of chick mortality.
- Keep a record of incubation and brooding temperatures. Keep a
record of weather conditions and maximum and minimum temperatures
for each day. Keep a record of any problems encountered during the
- Observe and record the changes which occur before, during and
- Compare these changes to other birds and mammals.
- Prepare a report--journal, diary, portfolio of records kept during
incubation and after hatching.