Using physical force that results in physical pain or injury.
Nonconsensual sexual contact with an older person.
Verbal assaults, humiliation, threats, harassment, intimidation,
or other abusive behavior.
Failure to make provisions for personal care (food, shelter,
medical care, social contact), or forceful confinement or restraint
of the older adult (either intentionally or unintentionally).
The misuse or withholding or an older adult's resources by another,
to the older adult's disadvantage.
The typical victim of elder abuse is a widowed, white female in
her mid-70s or older, and living on a limited income. The older
person usually lives with the perpetrator, who is often a spouse
or adult child. Elder victims often do not report being abused.
Fearing retaliation by the abuser, being ashamed of the situation,
or worrying about having to leave one's home are some of the reasons
older adults do not report abuse.
The typical abuser is most often the adult child or spouse of the
victim, although older family members and nonrelatives may be perpetrators.
The abuser may depend on the older person for housing, financial
assistance, or emotional support. Research indicates that caregiver
stress, alcohol or substance abuse, and emotional and/or financial
problems are factors in many instances of abuse.