Forever Friends is designed for 4-6th graders to learn about Japan, China, India, the Philippines, Korea and Vietnam and their cultures. These countries represent deep-rooted Asian influences.
In today’s global society, it is important for young people to develop global leadership skills by understanding how people live elsewhere in the world. Forever Friends introduces students to the daily lives, cultural arts, customs and philosophies, and environments the people of these countries. The more we understand others, the better able we are to live and work together successfully. As the world becomes smaller, this becomes more important.
We at University of Illinois Extension hope you enjoy teaching Forever Friends to your students. It may open doors to other international activities or experiences.
The need for geographic literacy has never been greater or more obvious than in today’s tightly interrelated world.
Students who can examine and analyze the events of the past have a powerful tool for understanding the events of today and the future. They develop an understanding of how people, nations, actions and interactions have led to today’s realities.
A study of social systems has two important aspects that help people understand their roles as individuals and members of society. First is to understand culture consisting of language, literature, arts and traditions of various groups of people.
Goal – Use social-awareness and interpersonal skills to establish and maintain positive relationships.
Building and maintaining positive relationships with others are central to success in school and life. It requires the ability to recognize the thoughts, feelings, and perspectives of others, including those different from one’s own.
Sometimes people feel uncomfortable when meeting someone from another country. To help show students how easy it is to welcome new international friends, six hosts will introduce us to their countries and their way of life.
Begin the unit by asking what the students know about Korea, China, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam, and India. Do they have friends from any of these countries? Have they visited or lived in any of these countries? Do they have relatives who came from these countries or who may still be living there? Have they eaten Asian foods?
What is their perception of these countries based upon what they see on TV or read in newspapers or online?
First, you can teach the concept of obtaining proper credentials (passport, visa) to travel internationally. A passport is permission to travel abroad from your country. A visa is permission to travel into a country you want to visit. Every student will get their passport and then they are ready to travel.
You can start in any country you want. You may choose all or only selected countries to study. After completing your visit to each country, be sure to have their passports stamped.
There is great flexibility to augment the lessons with activities about food, clothing, arts, dance, music, and sports.
Here are a few suggestions of ways you can enhance your teaching.
India Heritage: www.indiaheritage.com/history A site providing short articles on Indian life
The Lands, People, and Cultures Series: www.crabtreebooks.comKids Web Japan: http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/index.html A site about Japan geared to youth
Ask Asia: http://www.askasia.org/ A site for youth with information and activities on Asian cultures
Asian Info. Org: http://www.asianinfo.orgDirectory of Indian Government websites. goindirectory.nic.in; Government of India indiaimage.nic.in/ The Republic of Korea Official website – www.korea.net
The Korea Times – www.koreatimes.co.kr
The Korea Herald – www.koreaherald.co.kr/
Tour 2 Korea – The official Korean tourism site – english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/index
CNN.com/ASIA – Late breaking news about Asia – http://edition.cnn.com/ASIA/
CIA – The World Factbook – provides information about 266 world entities including history, people, communications, transportation, and geography. www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/
Embassy of China in U.S. 2201 Wisconsin Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20007 Telephone: 202-338-6688 www.china-embassy.org Consulates are in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Fransisco.
Embassy of India in U.S. 2107 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008 Telephone: 202-939-7000 http://www.indianembassy.org/ Consulates are in New York, San Francisco, Chicago, and Houston.
Embassy of Japan in U.S. 2520 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008 Telephone: 202-238-6700 Consulates are in Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Detroit, Guam, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Nashville, New York, Portland, San Francisco, Seattle.
Embassy of the Philippines in U.S. 1600 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20036 Telephone: 202-467-9300 http://www.philippineembassy-usa.org Consulates are in Chicago, Honolulu, Guam, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Atlanta, and Miami.
Embassy of South Korea in U.S. 2450 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008 Telephone: 202-939-5660 or 202-939-5663 Consulates are in Guam, Houston, Seattle, Atlanta, Honolulu, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Chicago, Newton, Massachusetts.
Embassy of Vietnam in U.S.
1233 20th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
Embassies of China, Japan, India, the Philippines, Korea, Vietnam, in USA - (go to web to find them)
The Lands, Peoples, and Cultures Series. Crabtree Publishing, New York, 2008.
Carpenter, Frances. (1938). Tales of a Chinese Grandmother. New York: Harrap.
Chen, Wei Zhen. (1991). Calligraphers and the simplification of Chinese characters. In Chinese Construction, (p. 3-6).
Hu, Qin Gong. (1991). The simplification of Chinese characters in publishing. In Chinese Construction, (p. 8-9).
Kent, Deborah. (1996). China, Old Ways Meet New. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
Liao, Xu Dong. (1991). The simplification of Chinese characters in language teaching. In Chinese Construction, (p. 10-13).
Littlefield, J. (2008). Teen volunteerism: How to promote a positive volunteer experience. Retrieved March 10, 2007, from http://parentingteens.about.com/od/youthorganizations
Lu, Shao Change. (1991). Comments on the improvement of Chinese characters. In Chinese Construction, (p. 15-17).
McLenighan, Valjean. (1984). People’s Republic of China. Chicago: Children Press.
Mooney, P. (2007). Great wall of China overrun, damaged, Disneyfied. Retrieved March 10, 2007, from http://newsnationalgeographic.com/news/pf/12711932.html
Pei, M. L. (2008). China the beautiful. Retrieved March 10, 2007, from http://www.chinapage.com/peivita.html
Focus on India by Ali Brownlie Bojang and Nicola Barber, Milwaukee: World Almanac Library.
Benkhe, A. (1989). Japan in Pictures. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications.
Galvin, I.F. (1996). Japan, a Modern Land with Ancient Roots. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
Heinrichs, A. (1998). Japan, Enchantment of the World. New York: Children’s Press.
Roberson, J. R. (1985). Japan―from Shogun to Sony, 1543—1984. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Schomp, V. (2002). Japan in the Days of the Samurai. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
Tames, R. (1987). Japan, the Land and Its People. Silver Burdett Press.
North Korea – Enchantment of the World by Patricia J. Kummer, New York, Children’s Press, 2008.
K is for Korea by Hyechong Chung and Prodeejota Das, London, England: Frances Lincoln Limited, 2008.
Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF). (2004). The Philippines: People and Culture. Retrieved April 8, 2007, from http://www.aprsaf.org/text/past_news/cultural_data/culture_phili/culback_phili_6.html
Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Northern Illinois University (SEAsite). (2006). Tagalog. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Tagalog_mainpage.htm
Jocano, F. L. (1997). Filipino Value System: A Cultural Definition. Manila: Punland Research House.
Ledger, R., and Ledger, S. (2004). Snapshots of Asia: Philippines. Carlton, South Victoria, Australia: Curriculum Corporation of the Commonwealth of Australia.
Nacu, D.C. (1999). My parol. Retrieved March 11, 2007, from http://www.myparol.com/myparol/index.html This website provides many sources about the parol, including history of the lantern, information on how to make a parol, as well as teacher resources and information about other Filipino traditions.
Rodel, P.A. (2001). Culture and Customs of the Philippines. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Ancestor Worship Today. (2008). Smithsonian Institute. Retrieved June 10, 2007, from http://www.asia.si.edu/exhibitions/online/teen/default.htm This website from the Smithsonsian Asian Art online exhibit shows teens’ perspectives on Chinese ancestor worship. There are many similarities with Vietnamese ancestor worship. This is an excellent website with information from Chinese youth about the customs, rituals and tradition surrounding ancestor worship. Although it is not specific to Vietnam, many of the ideas and customs are similar.
Caddell Crawford, A. (2000). Customs and Cultures of Vietnam. Reprinted online from 1966 edition. Retrieved July 23, 2007, from http://www.farmstayusa.com/vietnam2/index.html
Huynh, Dinh Te. (2004). Attitudes towards Self. Retrieved July 15, 2008, from http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Den/5908/values/attitude.html Lewis, Robert. (2003). Vietnam: Young People, Old Country. Carlton, South Victoria, Australia: University of Melbourne Curriculum Corporation.
MacMillen, D. (1994). TET: Vietnamese New Year. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, Inc. This book provides information about this Vietnamese holiday and is part of a best holiday book series that has other country’s holidays and traditions.
McCloud, M., and Nguyen, T.D. (2001). Culture and Customs of Vietnam. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Sachs, D. (2000). The House on Dream Street: Memoir of an American Woman in Vietnam. New York: Workman Publishing
Seah, A., and Nair, C.M. (2005). Vietnam: Cultures of the World. New York: Benchmark Books.
Utah State University. TeacherLink. Retrieved June 2007, from http://teacherlink.ed.usa.edu This website has great lesson plans on different cultures and holiday traditions. It includes an expanded version of the activities in the lesson to make a wee-long activity.
Ward, T. (1996). TET: The Vietnamese New Year Festival. Retrieved May 12, 2007 from http://teacherlink.ed.usa.edu