European and Asian Pear European - Pyrus communis L.; Asian - P. pyrifolia
6 pictures total.
Pear blossoms early in the season
Deciduous, leaves serrate, buds with imbricate scales, flowers mainly white, stamens 20-30 with red or purple anthers, styles 2-5 withtwo ovules per locule, walls of locules are cartilaginous, seeds are black. The genus consists of 23 species and half of the species are found in Asia, and the rest in Europe, North Africa, and around Mediterranean sea (Asian side). The domestic pear of Europe (Pyrus communis L.) and the domestic pear of Asia (Pyrus pyrifolia Bum. Nak.) are the cultivated species. Pear and apple produce flowers and fruit from mixed buds formed at the of spurs (short stubby branches). The terminal flower buds are the ones that open first and fruits set on this flowers tend to be larger than the ones set laterally.One to two shoots may grow from the same bud that produces the fruit. The apple cultivars without such types of shoots are called spur types and does not require a lot of pruning.There are spur types of pears, and because of their growth habit, pears do not require substantial pruning.
European Pear varieties:
Asian pear varieties:
Nijiseiki (20th Century)
(Small, medium, large)
Days from bloom to maturity (European 90-210; Asian 120 - 210)
Most pear varieties are self-unfruitful so they need pollenizer. Some Pear varieties are suitable for fresh market, baking or canning. The storage period may last from 30 to 200 days in European types and 60 to 180 days in Asian types.
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