Sharon Yiesla, Unit Educator, Horticulture, Lake County
Fall Garden Wrap-Up
Fall is coming and it will soon be time to put the garden to ‘bed’ for
the winter. Here are some things that should be done to get the
garden ready for the dormant season.
1. Bring in house plants that
have summered outdoors.
- Bring them in when night temperatures
consistently fall into the lower 50's.
- Try to avoid abrupt changes
in light or temperature.
- Check for insects prior to bringing
the plants inside.
- Re-pot if plant has outgrown its container.
- Plants that have
grown vigorously outside may need some pruning.
Clean up vegetable gardens and annual flower beds.
- Harvest all
usable vegetables and annual flowers.
- Leftover debris can be tilled into soil or placed into the
- Clean up weeds as they can harbor diseases and insect.
- Add compost and other organic material to enrich the
- Mulch beds to prevent erosion during winter.
3. Clean up perennial
- Remove weeds that may harbor diseases and insects.
- After we have a couple of frosts, mulch the perennial bed.
- Plants can be cut back now or in early spring.
- New perennials can be planted in fall; established perennials
can be divided; September is the best time for
4. Tree and shrub maintenance
- Prune trees after they go dormant
(lose their leaves) or in early spring.
- Prune late summer and fall flowering shrubs after they
- DO NOT prune spring flowering shrubs
in fall (they already have their flower buds).
- Trees and shrubs
can be fertilized after they go dormant (October) or in spring.
regular watering as long as ground is not frozen.
- Fertilizing in September promotes early green up in spring.
can be dethatched or core aerified in early September if needed.
August and early September are good times to establish or renovate
- Plant spring flowering bulbs in early fall (mid-September
- Clean garden tools so they will
be ready for next season.
- See to proper storage of seeds, fertilizer
and garden chemicals.
- Drain and store garden hoses.
- Consider composting as a method
to deal with garden debris and autumn leaves.
August/September 2004: Pet
Waste and Water Quality | Diseases and Insects of Shrubs
and Small Trees
| Fall Garde Wrap-Up | Managing
Thatch in Home Lawns