University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois Extension

HOT Project: Healthy Outcomes for Teens

http://www.urbanext.uiuc.edu/hot

Glossary

  • Aerobic exercise

    Type of physical exercise that increases the work of the heart and lungs. Examples are running, jogging, swimming, and dancing.
  • Anxious

    Worried or nervous.
  • Blood glucose

    Main sugar found in the blood and the body's main source of energy. Also called blood sugar.
  • Carbohydrate

    One of three macronutrients found in food. Foods that provide carbohydrate are starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and sugars. One gram of carbohydrate provides four calories.
  • Cell Receptor

    A structure or site on the surface or interior of a cell that binds with substances such as hormones, antigens, drugs, or neurotransmitters to make a change in the cell.
  • Diabetes

    Condition in which the body either can't produce insulin or can't effectively use the insulin it produces, resulting in high blood glucose levels.
  • Glucose

    This is the main source of energy for the body.
  • Hormone

    Chemical produced by the body that regulates certain body functions.
  • Hyperglycemia

    Blood glucose above the normal range.
  • Insulin

    A hormone released by the pancreas in response to increased levels of glucose in the blood.
  • Overweight

    Overweight is defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9.  To find your BMI use the following chart. To use the chart, find the appropriate height in the left-hand column.   Move across to a given weight. The number at the top of the column is the BMI at that height and weight.

    Click here to learn more about Body Mass Index.

  • Pancreas

    A gland that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine and also secretes the hormone insulin.
  • Panic Attack

    Usually short, intense periods of anxiety or fear.
  • Polydipsia

    Excessive thirst.
  • Polyphagia

    Excessive hunger.
  • Polyuria

    Excessive urination.