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Caring for Houseplants - Houseplants - University of Illinois Extension

Vegetative Propagation of Houseplants

Propagation Procedure List

The following list contains the vegetative propagation procedures for some of the more common foliage plants.

Key
A – stem
B – leaf cuttings
C – leaf-bud cuttings
D – division
E – Specialized structures
F – air layering

Genus & Species Common Name Procedure
Abutilon x hybridum Flowering Maple A
Aeschynanthus javanicus Lipstick Vine A
Aglaonema spp. Chinese Evergreen A,D
Aloe spp. Aloe, Medicine Plant D
Anthurium andraeanum album Anthurium Lily A,D
Aphelandra squarrosa Zebra Plant A,F
Ardisia crispa Ardissia A
Asparagus sprengeri Asparagus Fern D
Aspidistra elatior Cast Iron Plant D
Begonia (Filxous) Wax Begonia A,C
Begonia (rhizomatus) Rex Begonia A,B,D
Begonia (tuberous) Tuberous Begonia A,E
Brassica spp. Schefflera A,C,F
Bromeliads Bromeliads, Vase Plant
Earth Star
D,E
Cacti Cactus A
Chlorophytum spp. Spider Plant D,E
Cissus rhombifolia Grape Ivy A,C
Codiaeum Variegatum Croton A
Colleus blumei Coleus A
Columnea spp. Goldfish Plant A
Crassula argentea Jade Plant A,B,C
Dieffenbachia spp. Dumbcane A,F
Dizygotheca elegantissima False Aralia A,F
Dracaena spp. Dracaena, Dragon Tree,
Corn Plant, Ribbon Plant
A,F
Epiphyllum spp. Orchid Cactus B
Episica spp. Flame Violet A,B
Euphorbia spp. Crown of Thorns,
Poinsettia, Pencil Tree
A
Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig A
Ficus elastica Rubber Plant A,F
Gardenia jasminoides Gardenia A
Gynura aurantica Velvet Plant A,C
Hedera spp. English Ivy A,C
Helxine soleirolii Baby Tears A
Hemigraphis colorata Waffle Plant A
Hoya carnosa Wax Plant A,C
Kalachoe spp. Kalanchoe A,D
Maranta spp. Prayer Plant D,E
Monstera deliciosa Split leaf Philodendron A
Nephrolepis exaltata Boston Fern A,D,E
Orchid Orchid A,D
Oxalis spp. Clover Plant D
Pandanus veitchii Screwpine A,D
Pelargonium spp. Geranium A
Philodendron spp. Philodendron A,F
Pilea spp. Aluminum Plant,
Artillery Plant
A
Platycerium spp. Staghorn Fern D,E
Plectranthus australis Swedish Ivy A,C
Polyscias spp. Aralia A
Pteris spp. Table Fern D
Rhoeo spp. Three-Men-In-A-Boat A,D
Saintpaulia spp. African Violet A,B,D
Sansevieria spp. Snake Plant B,D
Saxifraga sarmentosa Strawberry Begonia E
Schlumbergera Christmas Cactus A
Scindapsus spp. Devils Ivy, Pothos A,C
Sedum spp. Sedum A,B,C
Serrisa Foetida Serrisa A
Spathiphyllum spp. Peach Lily, White Flag D
Syngonium spp. Arrowhead, Nephytis A,D
Tolmiea menziesii Piggy-back Plant B,E
Tradescantia spp. Wandering Jew, Inch Plant A
Zebrina spp. Wandering Jew, Inch Plant A

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