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Caring for Houseplants - Houseplants - University of Illinois Extension

Types of Houseplants

Houseplants by Common Name

Click on highlighted names for more information and images of selected plants.

Common Name

Botanical Name

Minimum Light

Anthurium

Anthurium sp.

Medium

Asparagus Fern

Asparagus densiflora 'Sprengeri'

Medium

Baby Tears

Helxine soleirolii

High or Bright

Begonia

Begonia sp.

Medium

Bird's Nest Fern

Asplenium nidus

Medium

Boston Fern

Nephrolepsis exaltata

Low

Chinese Evergreen

Aglaonema

Low

Coralberry

Ardesia crispa

Medium

Crown of Thorns

Euphorbia millii splendens

High or Bright

Dracaena

Dracaena

Medium

Dumb Cane

Dieffenbachia amoena

Medium

English Ivy

Hedera helix

High or Bright

False Aralia

Dizygotheca elegantissima

High or Bright

Fiddle Leaf Fig

Ficus lyrata

Medium

Gardenia

Gardenia augusta

Direct

Grape Ivy

Cissus rhombifolia

Medium

Hawaiian Schefflera

Schefflera arboricola

Medium

Heart Leaf Philodrendron

Philodendron scandens var. oxycardium

Low

Inch Plant

Tradescantia zebrine

Medium

Jade Plant

Crassula argentea

High or Bright

Mother-In-Law's Tongue

Sansevieria trifasciata

Low

Neanthe Bella Palm

Chamaedorea elegans

Low

Nephthytis

Syngonium podophyllum

Medium

Norfolk Island Pine

Araucaria heterophylla

High or Bright

Orange, Lemon, Etc.

Citrus spp.

Direct

Peperomia

Peperomia obtusifolia

Medium

Piggyback Plant

Tolmiea menziesii

Medium

Pittosporum

Pittosporum tobira

High or Bright

Pleomele

Pleomele reflexa

Medium

Podocarpus

Podocarpus macrophyllus

High or Bright

Pony Tail Palm

Beaucarnea recurvata

High or Bright

Pothos

Scindapsus aureus (Epipremnum aureum)

Medium

Prayer Plant

Maranta sp.

Medium

Purple Passion Plant

Gynura aurantiaca

High or Bright

Rubber Plant

Ficus elastica ‘Decora’

Medium

Sago Palm

Cycas revolute

Medium

Spider Plant

Chlorophytum comosum

Medium

Staghorn Fern

Platycerium bifurcatum

Medium

Ti Plant

Cordyline terminalis

Medium

Umbrella Tree

Schefflera actinophylla (Brassaia actinophylla)

Medium

Wax Plant

Hoya carnosa

High or Bright

Weeping Fig

Ficus benjamina

High or Bright

White Flag

Spathiphyllum sp.

Low

Zebra Plant

Aphelandra squarrosa

High or Bright