University of Illinois Extension

Perennes Comunes

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Peony
Paeonia x hybrida


Quick Profile

Exposure
Full Sun
 
Mature Height
2 - 3 Feet
 
USDA Hardiness Zones
3 - 8 
 
Soil Conditions
Moist, Well-Drained
 
Foliage Color
Green
 
Bloom Color
Lavender
Peach
Pink
Purple
Red
Salmon
White
Yellow
 
Bloom Season
May - June
 
Size
Medium
 

Features

A popular, easy to grow, long lived perennial that flowers easily and offers attractive foliage long after the plant blooms.

Culture

Moist well-drained soil in full sun location and very light fertilization.

Cultivars

Large number of cultivars available. Some include:

'Red Charm' 2 feet tall, double red

'Petite Elegance' 2 feet tall, pink

'Krinkled White' 3 feet tall, single white

'Raspberry Sundae' 30 inches tall, pink/white double

'Early Scout' 21 inches tall, single red

'Shawnee Chief' 30 inches tall, double red

'Gold Standard' 3 feet tall, single white with gold stamens

Notes

Select from early, mid-season and late blooming cultivars to extend the bloom season over a 4-6 week period. Don't plant the roots too deep. Plant no deeper than 2 inches. Don't over-fertilize or it results in reduced flowering. May never need dividing. May take 2-3 years to establish and bloom. Don't plant in the shade or in competition with tree roots or over fertilize as all lead to poor or no flowering.