Tortise scale crawlers and sooty mold on pine.
|Severity:||3 out of 5|
|Frequency:||3 out of 5|
|Symptoms:||Sooty mold fungi have black mycelium and grow on insect honeydew. The honeydew is excreted by certain types of scales and aphids. The thickness and black intensity can vary with the individual fungus as well as multiple fungi growing together.|
|Cycle:||As long as there is a sufficient amount of honey dew on the plant material, sooty mold fungi have the ability to grow.|
|Management:||Control most sooty molds by controlling the insects which produce the honeydew.|