University of Illinois Extension
Trout Lily, Fawn Lily, Dogtooth Violet (Erythronium americanum) - Wildflowers

Directory of Wildflowers

Trout Lily, Fawn Lily, Dogtooth Violet
Erythronium americanum

Flower of Trout Lily
Flower of Trout Lily

Quick Profile

Exposure
Full Shade
 
Mature Height
6 - 9 Inches
 
USDA Hardiness Zones
3 - 8 
 
Native To:
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Michigan
Missouri
Ohio
Wisconsin
 
Soil Conditions
Moist, Well-Drained
 
Bloom Color
Yellow
 
Bloom Season
March - May
 

Features

Yellow, nodding, lily-like flowers; at the base of the plant, two leaves mottled with dark spots.

Culture

Shade; moist, well drained sites with rich soil.

Notes

Found in woods. Trout Lily will naturalize (slowly). The plant goes dormant in summer (foliage dies down). Plants with only one leaf will not flower. Listed as threatened in Iowa.